- BIOL 120 Lesson 13 Assignment
Questions for Submission (75 pts total)
Answer each of the following questions as completely as possible. Your answers should be no longer than a few sentences.
(5 pts) 1. What is a secondary metabolite? Why do plants make these compounds?
(10 pts) 2. What is meant by the term “psychoactive drug”? Give an example of one legal psychoactive compound consumed in the United States today.
(10 pts) 3. Describe the body’s response during an episode of alcohol poisoning. Why should one avoid excessive rapid alcohol consumption?
(10 pts) 4. Briefly describe the events that led to the Opium Wars of the 1800s. Who was involved? Why did the wars erupt? What do they have to do with the history of Hong Kong?
(15 pts) 5. Other than opium, what alkaloids have a history of widespread usage? Make a list of the alkaloids discussed in the commentary and text and include the name of the compound, the plant from which it is isolated, the continent of origin and a brief description of how it was used historically and in modern times.
(15 pts) 6. Why was cannabis initially domesticated? What is the psychoactive compound produced by this plant? Do you think that cannabis should be legalized for fiber use? For medicinal use? For recreational use? (You will not be graded on your opinion.)
(10 pts) 7. Describe two hallucinogenic compounds found in plants or fungi. Be sure to include the name of the plant source and a brief description of the historical usage.