- BIOL 120 Lesson 12 Assignment
Questions for Submission (75 pts total)
Answer each of the following questions as completely as possible. Your answers should be no longer than a few sentences.
(10 pts) 1. Describe what is meant by the terms spice and herb.
(10 pts) 2. List five herbs used in today’s kitchens and note a type of food they might be used to enhance (you may have to find this in a cookbook).
(10 pts) 3. Briefly trace the history of spice trade in Europe. Why were spices so highly valued? Why has the price of spices dropped so dramatically in modern times?
(10 pts) 4. Define the term “essential oil”. What is believed to be the function of these oils in plants? Give an example of a plant that we might use for aromatherapy. How do you feel about aromatherapy? (You will not be graded on your opinion as long as you justify it.)
(10 pts) 5. List two ancient civilizations that used plants for healing and give a brief description or example of an herbal remedy for each.
(10 pts) 6. Describe the significance of foxglove in modern medicine. Relate the story as to how it was first empirically tested and the mode of action of the active compound.
(15 pts) 7. List and describe the uses for three modern-day medicinal plants.